COLLAPSE Discussion Forum 1 Current State of Information Management Data Management The period of police professionalism has observed a significant evolution in the capabilities of police organizations. Among the major transformations has been the use of information and data to guide and drive policing and public safety strategies designed to prevent and reduce crime. With this evolution have come opportunities to improve policing outcomes through more strategic interventions and enforcement actions as well as greater sophistication and complexity in police planning and operations (Stone & Travis, 2011). The department’s Budget, Guam Homeland Security, and the Guam Visitor’s Bureau assist with some funding for the department. The information gathered during investigation operations is managed through the Guam Police Department’s dispatch and placed into the law enforcement management system (LERMS). LERMS is an agency-wide system that provides for the storage, retrieval, retention, manipulation, archiving, and viewing of information, records, documents, or files pertaining to law enforcement operations (Zeunik, 2005). LERMS further covers the entire life span of records development from the initial generation to its completion (Stresak, 2014). An effective system allows single entry of data, while supporting multiple reporting mechanisms (Stresak, 2014). Records and data include incident and accident reports, arrests, citations, warrants, case management, field contacts, and other operations-oriented records. The people who control the information and data include the officers, detectives, dispatchers, and the community. The entire community plays a massive role in the statistics and data increase and decrease in cases. An agency’s LERMS should provide the capabilities for users to generate inquiries to internal and external data sources, such as state Department of Motor Vehicles and criminal history files (Zeunik, 2005). The data is used to conduct further knowledge of people and vehicles involved in an ongoing investigation. LERMS is a very helpful tool in conducting investigations and help close a case with information provided on the system, which includes the urge to correlate and aggregate information in the following areas: people, locations, property, vehicles, and organizations. This aforementioned system makes a difference in policy, practice, and results due to the information gathered and placed into a Citizen Centric Report for the department. Information Centric According to Title 1 Guam Code Annotated Chapter 19 §1922(a), every director, administrator, president, or head of a Government of Guam agency, including line agencies, autonomous and semi-autonomous agencies, public corporations, the Guam Mayors’ Council, the Courts of the Judiciary of Guam and the Guam Legislature shall submit an annual Citizen-Centric Report. The Guam Police Department is part of the government-wide audited financial statement. The Office of Public Audit released the government-wide audited financial report on June 26, 2009 (Deloitte & Touche, 2008). Every year, the Guam Police Department provides a Citizen-Centric Report to the Guam Legislature and citizens of Guam. Maximizing IM and IT Police forces around the world face unprecedented challenges that include the need to tackle the increase in crime, address the increasing challenge posed by transnational criminal networks, and deal with the ongoing threat of international and domestic terrorism (Rabasa et al., 2017). At the same time, they must meet increasing citizen expectations for more visible community-oriented policing and greater public transparency and accountability (Rabasa et al., 2017). Moreover, police forces must meet these challenges while reducing costs and resource, improving efficiency and eliminating waste. Information management and information technology increases the effectiveness and performance of policing services in a number of ways. It enables collaboration and information sharing between police forces and other agencies, supports the use of analytics to strengthen intelligence-led and preventive policing and enables officers to access critical information remotely. It also helps the police increase public confidence by enabling them to engage with the communities they serve through tools, like crime maps, which help citizens understand policing operations and hold the police to account. The way to maximize information includes the continuation of sharing information and the input of information into the LERMS. It is important to provide correct information for accurate results that will assist with ongoing investigations and criminal statistics to the public. Biblical Worldview According to Romans 13, people are supposed to honor governing authorities “For rulers are not a terror to good conduct, would you have no fear of the one who is in authority? Then do what is good, and you will receive his approval, for he is God’s servant for your good. But if you do wrong, be afraid, for he does not bear the sword in vain. For he is the servant of God, an avenger who carries out God’s wrath on the wrongdoer. Consequently, one must be in subjection, not only to avoid God’s wrath but also for the sake of conscience. For because of this you also pay taxes, for the authorities are ministers of God, attending to this very thing” (Romans 13:3–6). Police officers are recognized as sworn officers who must abide by the Law Enforcement Code of Ethics and must portray good conduct in order to protect and serve the community. When a sworn officer is tempted by corruption, the collected data may be affected. Accurate data management is very significant and must not be tampered. According to the Bible, God’s intention for authorities in human governments is to use them to bring judgment on people who do bad things. If you’re doing good things, Paul writes, you should have nothing to fear from those in authority. If you’re doing bad things, though, you should be afraid. The punishment a criminal receives from the government is also from God (Romans 13:3). Although citizens must do good, it is believed that governing authorities must also portray good morals for the sake of the community’s present and future. References Deloitte & Touche, LLP (2008) Government of Guam: Basic Financial Statements, Additional Information and Independent Auditor’s Report Year Ended September 30, 2008. Retrieved on February 6, 2010 from http://www.guamopa.org/docs/BFSfs08.pdf Guam Police Department (2010) Our Mission. http://gpd.guam.gov/ Rabasa, A., Schnaubelt, C.M., Chalsk, P., Farah, D., Midgette, G., & Shatz, Howard, J. (2017). Countering the expansion of transnational criminal networks. ISBN: 978-0-8330-9477-3 Stone, C. & Travis, J. (2011). New perspectives in policing. htttps:www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/232359.pdf Stresak,R. (2014). Law enforcement records management guide. https://post.ca.gov/Portals/0/post_docs/publications/Records_Management.pdf Zeunik (2005). Standard functional specifications for law enforcement records management systems. Please reply to this student paper by agree or dis agree and why
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