Criminal Justice

Please attach a document that outlines the topic you have selected for your program evaluation project. Write two paragraphs describing your topic. Include a list of 5 references you have identified that will guide the development of your program evaluation plan. These references should primarily be academic in nature (e.g., peer reviewed/scientific articles found in journals). Provide a short assessment (2 to 3) sentences for each source on how it contributes to your project. Quick reminder that your topic is due by the end of the day Saturday. It consists of two paragraphs with at least five sources which should be cited in the text. Make sure you provide a works cited page with the sources cited in accordance to APA formatting. You should be using primarily academic (i.e., scientific) articles. Here is an example of red light cameras which was conducted in Charlotte a few years back: Effectiveness of red light running camera enforcement program in reducing crashes: Evaluation using “before the installation”, “after the installation”, and “after the termination” data (Links to an external site.). My apologies for the late grading on it. For those of you who are not local or may not have heard the news, a current student, Michael Higgins, in our department, who I had previously and this fall semester, was killed August 22 during his internship with the NC State Highway Program. WITN has an article on it (Links to an external site.) – several of our faculty were close to him and he was set to graduate this semester. Overall, the logic models were nicely done. Where most people lost credit was in two areas: outcomes and not completely filling out the row. Each of the boxes in a row needed to be filled out. To a lesser extent, points were lost for failing to include the paragraph describing the program. Outputs relate to “what does the program do.” Outcomes refer to “what difference is there.” In other words, outputs are the direct products of a program’s activities and may include types, levels, and targets of services to be delivered by the program whereas outcomes are the expected changes in the population served that result from a program’s activities. It may be easier to think of a logic model as having two sides. The left hand side is the process which is the program components, activities, and outputs (the latter of which includes the direct products of a program’s activities/services and is often expressed numerically or quantified in some way). The right hand side is the outcomes comprising of short and long term outcomes (changes resulting from a program’s activities/services). Using red light cameras as an example, an output could be the number of individuals who showed up to community meetings where the red light cameras will be set up. A short term outcome would be a reduction in severe accidents while a long term outcome is that drivers generally drive more safe as well as the positive impact it has on public health (e.g., fewer accidents results in fewer injuries) and economic benefits. Using another example though not CJ related, let’s say we’re evaluating a public health program to support families that suffer from poor nutrition-related health problems. In this program, outputs would include # of individuals that attend workshops, # of individuals receiving services, and # of individuals receiving referrals. A short-term outcome is the changes in knowledge, skills, and/or attitudes whereas a long-term outcome is changes in behavior and action, resulting in improvements in their condition and status in life. Helpful links: Case study: Program evaluation for a residential drug and alcohol program. (Links to an external site.) This website is a quick read (~2 minutes) that showed how an evaluation conducted by IRETA on a drug treatment program. They utilized data from three sources (the organization’s administrative records, former clients’ self-reported survey and interview data, and data from the Administrative Offices of Pennsylvania Courts) to answer four questions. The evaluation results should the RTI program reduced recidivism and for a cost of $1,300 per participant, it resulted in a cost-savings of $1,600 per participant. In other words, by spending $1,300, they avoided $2,900 in future processing and victimization costs. Evaluation of substance use treatment programmes (Links to an external site.): From the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, they provide a comprehensive yet succinct report on how facilities can evaluate their own programs. Starting on page 12, they discuss the measures needed to successfully complete a program evaluation in addition to the methodology. For instance, as part of the outcome measures, they include maintenance of abstinence/reduction in substance use, reduction health risk behaviors, and others (though as it comes from a public health approach, re-arrests or probation violations are not included but is relevant to us in the criminal justice field). On pages 19-20, they note the methodology. As they note, ‘There are typically two possible designs—randomized controlled design and pre-post comparison [which would be a quasi experiment]. The randomized controlled design is more resource-intensive and complicated to conduct, and may be extremely difficult to incorporate into the routine programme of a treatment centre.’ Using a logic model (Links to an external site.). Another website from the Pell Institute, this is another quick read that helps in reading a logic model and covers the connection from the initial inputs all the way to the impact in the if->then, if->then, etc., format. Building logic models (Links to an external site.). From the National Institute of Corrections, they released a report titled “A framework for evidence-based decision making in local criminal justice systems.” It is also a quick read, consisting of 5 pages of text plus a logic model. They have an additional sixth main component (impacts); this is usually considered the long term outcome. What is most useful about this section on logic models is the comprehensive example they provide which comes from Yamhill County, Oregon on their evidence-based decision making initiatives. This logic model is found on page six and you’ll need to zoom in quite a bit. WA & OR are considered to be the best states when it comes to utilizing program evaluation in their criminal justice systems.

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