chapter 8

1. Why might parental involvement in selecting a mate lead to greater marital satisfaction, according to Epstein’s research? Engaged couples avoid the usual dating conflicts. Parental support can help solidify a marriage. Romantic love desires are quashed or eliminated. Group decision-making is more accurate than individual decision-making. 2. Andrew Cherlin’s assertions about the deinstitutionalization of marriage reflect social changes related to marriage. True False 3. Lauren decides she is ready to marry and have children, as she is successful in her career and tired of living alone. Toward this end, Lauren signs up for a dating website which advertises a high success rate of finding eligible and appropriate marital partners. A sociologist might observe that Lauren is seeking a(n) ______ marriage. individualized companionate faithful institutional 4. Conflict theorists view the family differently than structural functionists. True False 5. The changing nature of dating and sexual relationships prior to marriage has little effect on our later marital expectations. True False 6. Romantic love is unimportant to those in companionate marriages. True False 7. Marriage rates between people of different ethnicities or racial backgrounds are rising. True False 8. Critics of the structural functionalist approach say that it ignores what aspect of family life? families as sources of financial support importance of the extended family conflicts between family members the role of parents 9. Declining religiosity in U.S. society correlates to a rise in ______. divorce family values collectivism marriage 10. Groups of people related by birth, affinity, or cohabitation are families. True False 11. During thanksgiving, the women in Lainie’s family do the cooking, while the men watch football on television. The women ask for help, but they are ignored. When it’s time to clean up, the women unhappily rise and begin washing dishes and putting away food, while the men relax and chat. A conflict theorist might observe that ______. men and women are battling for control in this family men and women have different levels of power in this family men display no functions in this family women in this family do not interact with the men 12. Gender stereotypes contribute to differing ideas about what men and women value in a mate. True False 13. Catherine of Aragon (Spain) was betrothed to Arthur, heir to the English throne, when she was 3 years old. They married years later, and upon his death, Catherine was urged to marry his younger brother. These marriages took place to ______. celebrate romantic love support self-fulfillment solidify ties between countries satisfy personal happiness 14. In modern American society, married households represent the majority. True False 15. Until recently, sexual relations outside of marriage was culturally undesirable. Marriage (and family) served to control sexual behavior in a socially acceptable manner and punished those who did not conform. A structural functionalist would see what type of function in this example? support socialization regulation reproduction

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