Journal entry should be brief; it should be spent thinking about the questions asked and the issues raised. it should then be distilled into a mini-argument that will respond affirmatively to the four tests for evaluating arguments:
truthfulness of premises, logical strength, relevance, and non-circularity.
For this journal assignment, briefly answer each of the following prompts:
Inference: The differing meanings of “valid inference” and “warranted inference” are closely related to the differing purposes of deductive and inductive arguments – the purpose of deductive being to prove; the purpose of inductive to make the conclusion most probable.
Look up the words “valid” and “warranted.” Each of these words, it has what is known as a lexical definition – that is just the dictionary definition of the word. Words also have a certain connotations – meanings that go beyond their lexical definitions; associated ideas and concepts – think of terms such a “fur baby” as the name for a pet.
Briefly discuss how the lexical definitions and connotations of “valid” and “warranted” can help us understand the differing purposes of deductive and inductive arguments.
Fallacies:fallacious argument templates” and then gives a number of examples. The authors further state: “Analysis of the meanings of the terms used and the grammatical rules of the language reveal the source of error” References , Facione, P. A., & Gittens, C. A. (2016). Think critically (3rd ed.). Pearson.
Choose one of the fallacies in this section, such as Denying the Antecedent or False Classification and pair it with the valid argument template. For example, if you choose Denying the Antecedent, the valid argument template will be Denying the Consequent. False Classification would pair with one of the fallacies in Reasoning About Classes of Objects.
Explain, how the fallacy is revealed through analysis of the valid argument template.
As a critical thinker, do you believe that citizens have an obligation to be informed on topics of current interest? If yes, why, if no, why not?
Writing Requirements (APA format)
Length: 2 pages (not including title page or references page)
12-point Times New Roman font
Facione, P. A., & Gittens, C. A. (2016). Think critically (3rd ed.). Pearson.
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