Include 13th documentary facts
U.S. is 5% of worlds population but 25% of worlds prison population
2.8 million prisoners, 25% of worlds prison population
13th amendment mad slavery illegal, but made a loophole
Slavery big part of south economy, 4 million blacks free
After slavery was over, blacks were arrested rapidly for minor crimes and forced to work basically as slaves again and rebuild the economy
Movie Birth of Nation in early 1900s defined the Black people as criminal and it carried on into real like, lynchings increased by the thousands because white/kkk members felt obligated to hang “guilty” black men
Civil rights movement turned it on its head , made getting arrested ok for civil rights
1970 there was a boom in incarceration rate. 357,000 people were incarcerated in 1970
Richard Nixon started “The War on Crime” , outcry on Law and Order, declared “total war” on “evils” in inner cities and war on drugs
Dealth with possesion of drugs and use of drugs as a crime instead of a health/mental health issue, many people arrested for simple possesion
Nixon invited poor whites to republican,
John Ehrlichman, Nixon Advisor “ The Nixon Campaign in 1968, and the Nixon White House… had two enemies.. Antiwar left and black people. … We couldn’t make it illegal to be either against the war or black… but by getting the public to associate the hippies with marijuana and blacks with heroin, and then criminalizing both heavily we could disrupt those communities. We could arrest their leaders, raid their homes, break up their meetings and vilify them night after night on evening news. Did we know we were lying about the drugs ? of course we did. “
1980 Prison Population 514,000
Ronald Regan declared modern war on drugs in 1982 , he was determined to define it as a problem.
Economy was struggling, rich getting richer and poorer were getting poorer
Crack used more by blacks, cociane used more by whites
Crack sentencing were made way more harsher than cocaine sentencing
Many black fathers were taken from their families and put in jail
1985 Prison Population 759,000
Black people overrepresented as criminals on News, all you seen on news at night is black men as criminals but didnt show the good blacks nor the bad whites
Started using “Super-Predators” for 1980s black generation that had no fathers bc of war on drugs
1990 Prison Population 1,179,000
Democrats started being hard on crime too because politics became a competition of who was harder on criminals. Republicans were harder and basically made democrats be harder on crime too keep up
Clinton 1994 Federal Crime Bill increased funding for state prisons, increased funding for police departments, incentatives for police which increased their abusive tactics
He admitted it was wrong in later years, acknowledged it negatively affected Blacks
2000 Prison Population 2,015,000
All leaders were criminalized
MLK dubbed most Dangerous man in U.S. , killed by FBI
Fred Hampton and his pregnant wife was sensely killed by FBI while he was sleep
Malcom X ontourage was filled with undercover cops
Assata Shakur was put in prison then got sent to Cuba
Black Panther was dubbed the biggest threat to US, all they did was help Blacks
Angela Davis was put in Top 10 most dangerous bc of her intellect, she beat her case by herself
2014 Prison Population 2,306,200
1 in 17 white men are likely to go to jail
1 in 3 black men are likely to go to jail in their lifetime
40% of black men make up the prison population
13th amendment “neither slavery nor involuntary servituded, except as a punishment for crime wherefore the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the united states
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