You’ve spent the semester reading, in whole and in part, a number of philosophic works that have grappled with the question of justice – what it is, how it is known, and how it might be pursued. Now I would like you to go back and look at your second week-one forum, where I asked you to think about justice. Have your views changed? How? What do you think justice is now? How do we know what it is? What makes an action a just action? What makes a person a just person? What makes a law a just law?

Second week one forum that I did before
Justice is a famous concept written and debated by authors, scholars, integrated legal frameworks, and spoken among people from old to young. There is much talk on justice in the contemporary world, including fighting just wars, justice against terrorists, living in a just world. Some feel that justice involves punishing the wrongdoers for achieving fairness or a determinant of what is wrong or right. I argue that justice is what we want it to be, including getting what we deserve: both good and bad irrespective of whether we like the outcomes. Justice is what we want it to be due to the diverse personal moral fortitude, lack of a universal definition of justice, and the continued ill description and confusion of justice with other virtues and ideas. Primarily, many philosophers have diverse purposes of justice. According to Plato, justice is a moral and political virtue that helps establish logical order (LeBar, 2020): Aristotle argues that judge describes what is lawful and fair, including equitable distribution, correction, and punishment of what is inequitable: Hobbes argues that justice is an “artificial virtue necessary in society and a function of the social contract.” (LeBar, 2020). These philosophers describe justice as a moral and political virtue that guides what is right, wrong, and fair (Pomerleau, 2012). However, Aristotle acknowledges justice involves getting what one deserves, both good (equitable distribution) and wrong (correction and punishment).

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The definitions feel subjective as what is right? Wrong? Fair? According to whom? A primary confusion of justice is seen with fairness, equality, and equating justice to getting what one deserves with a negative connotation. For instance, according to Rawls, a just person is “free and equal, morally autonomous, rational agents, who are not necessarily egoists.” the use of ‘egoistic’ (Pomerleau, 2012) seems farfetched when defining a just person. Morals and ethics are relative; what one finds wrong could be right to someone. For instance, people will avenge or revenge-seeking justice for an injustice done. This may include stealing, violence, or murder for closure or retribution for another person or oneself. The perpetrator feels stealing or power on another person who may have caused harm to them is justice and right.

However, someone else will condemn the act as morally wrong and legally unjust. These variations and relativeness thus make a just person or an appropriate law subjective.


What is Justice

Justice is one of the essential moral values in the spheres of politics and law. Considerably, political and legal systems that uphold law and order cannot achieve either without achieving justice. Justice, in its broad sense, is a moral principle of determining moral rightness and just conduct. Justice focuses on people receiving what they deserve with regard to fairness and lawfulness (Ross, 2019). Situations always arise where decisions have to be considered due to limited resources, varying options, and conflicting moral perceptions. Therefore, justice goes beyond mere equality in that individuals can be treated unjustly even if they receive equal treatment.

Justice has been applied in-laws, individual actions, and public policies to restore and establish a fair society. Justice means that every individual has equal liberties and rights that cannot be denied or diminished to benefit any other individual in society. Different philosophers have conceptualized theories of justice have illustrated the nature of justice and the philosophical conceptions of justice.

Justice is what makes an individual think of what is fair and just. Therefore, justice is what society has considered as right based on moral concepts of rationality, equity, law, fairness, and ethics. Justice ensures that the law is fair because it is applied equally and in the same manner (Ross, 2019). Plato has revealed that justice is a virtue that develops rational order with each play performing their role appropriately without disrupting other parties’ functions. On the other hand, Aristotle has shown that justice consists of what is fair and lawful with fairness, including equal distribution and correcting what is inequitable. Justice is a necessary virtue in civil society that enables individuals to respect autonomy, freedom, and dignity without disturbing voluntary actions as long as they do not impact others’ rights. Justice is the most fundamental virtue for establishing interpersonal relationships and maintaining a stable political society.




Ross, A. (2019). On law and justice. Oxford University Press.

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